English Polski
PCB Catalog
Laminating machines for Printed Circuit Boards:
  • Roll laminators for PCB Dry-films, Sheet Laminators for PCB
Photosensitive Dry-films for PCB production & prototyping:
  • Dry-film Photoresist & Dry-film Soldermask
End Mills & Drill Bits for PCB production:
  • Mechanical Etching Bits, Contour Router Bits, Drill Bits, Countersink Bits
0 items
Sign In

Hole Wall Activation / Through-hole Activation - Conductive Electroplating Ink

Applications of our products have included:

  • through-hole plating in printed circuits
  • circuit formation on flexible substrates
  • printing of interactive children's books
  • printing active electronic circuits on clothing
  • anti-static coatings for sensitive electronic packages
  • electronic shielding for secure electronics
Hole-wall activation (or through-hole activation) is any process that is used to prepare the walls of holes drilled through copperclad substrates for the electro-deposition of one or more metals. In other words, it is a way to get your circuit board ready for through-hole plating.
Conventional through-hole processing usually relies on 3 or more baths to prepare the hole walls for copper plating. Originally, this plating base was "electroless" copper. Recent advances have replaced the somewhat unstable electroless process with one that deposits a thin layer of colloidal carbon, which, when dried, forms a continuous conductive film connecting the copper foil on both sides of the board with the hole walls. This film is sufficiently conductive to support rapid, reliable electroplating of the walls of all of the through-holes. The only real disadvantage of the process is its dependence on a VERY thin carbon film. Boards that are hand drilled or drilled at low spindle RPMs often have very rough hole-walls. As shown in the photo, the roughness is accurately replicated, and sometimes made worse during conventional hole-wall activation / plating.Conventional thu-hole plating
Conductive plating inks offer a single step solution to hole wall activation. Our ink is a low viscosity blend of silver and three forms of carbon in a thermally cured binder. It is formulated to fill in gaps and scratches in hole-walls to provide a smooth, reliable base for electroplating. The binder that we use is specifically designed to form strong adhesive bonds with FR-4, polyamide, and other common PCB substrates.
Conductive Electroplating Ink Specifications
Conductive ink is a precise blend of powdered silver and three types of carbon in a proprietary polymer resin. The resin is optimized for adhesion to a variety of printed circuit substrate materials. The ratio of silver to carbon has been adjusted to insure smooth, defect-free electro-deposition of copper on the barrels (walls) of all through-holes. Fumed silica is added during formulation as a thixotropic thickening agent to minimize settling and separation during shipping and storage.
Specifications Conditions Value
viscosity pre-shear
125 cps
approx. 25 cps
specific gravity 1.20
conductivity 0.81 mm (.032") dia. x 1.50 mm (.059") through-hole with
0.0005 mm (.0002") thick barrel coating of cured ink
0.01 to 0.05 Ohms
adhesion ASTM 3359 B Method B crosshatch
adhesion test
5B (excellent)
total solids 28% to 30% wt
shelf life 20°C
2°C (refrigerated)
6 months
1 year
curing lab or convection oven 100°C for 30 min

Please use the following order form for placing your order:
Item#Sort up Description Net Price Ent. Qty
CH29-0000-050 Low viscosity conductive plating ink - 50 grams (w/dispenser cap) E-mail -> mail
CH29-0000-100 Low viscosity conductive plating ink - 100 grams (w/dispenser cap) E-mail -> mail
CH29-0000-140 Low viscosity conductive plating ink - 140 grams (w/dispenser cap) E-mail -> mail
CH29-0000-280 Low viscosity conductive plating ink - 280 grams (w/dispenser cap) E-mail -> mail
CH29-0000-1000 Low viscosity conductive plating ink - 1000 grams (w/dispenser cap) E-mail -> mail
Make your selections using the buttons Minus / Plus and then click the Add to Cart Button. View Cart
Minimum Order value is 50EUR.
The lead time for above items is max. 1-4 weeks. Do not hesitate to ask for specific deliveries.
Copying, duplication, editing and modification for commercial purposes any materials from the website and catalogs, in particular texts, descriptions, photos, without the prior consent of the owner is prohibited. These materials are protected by copyright and they pose intellectual property of the Manufacturer and the InGraph company.